Third Mars Mission / Perseverance Rover launch in 11 days, UAE recently launched Hope and China Tianwen-1 satellites
Washington. The US 'Perseverance' spacecraft left for Mars on Thursday. the third Mars mission world last 11 days. Earlier, on July 19, the UAE and on July 23, China sent their respective missions to Mars. three missions race Mars are going with new and interesting objectives. attempt in history to fly a helicopter to Mars, from of water to the creation of oxygen.
The US space agency NASA launched its Mars mission from the Air Force Station in Florida. The mission was launched at 7.50 am US time (5.20 pm Indian time). land on Mars' Jejero Crater on February 18, 2021. The mission will last for one year (687 days on Earth) the time of Mars. a littlehelicopter flown to Mars for time under this mission.
Perseverance, USA: Will create oxygen, take samples and also find water
Features: Perseverance has two devices - a 1000 kg rover and a 2 kg drone-like small helicopter, be with the rover. the , carbon blade give speed and antenna. The rover will use plutonium power, last about 10 years. It also 7-foot robotic arm, 19 cameras, and a drill machine take photos, videos, and samples of the surface of Mars.
What to do: of oxygen from , the study of the weather, which Mars astronauts will face. of water. The Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer will provide information on how the position of Mars can affect humans. Will study temperature, , radiation, dust.
Tianwen-1, China: mission to orbit, land, and operate a rover
Specialty: Tianwen means the question to heaven. Weight 5000 kg. Orator, Lander, and Rover are ones. A parachute help the rover land easily. Camera, 4 solar panels. Parachute for soft landing, capsule, and retro-rocket for stopping and speeding on rocky-high-low surfaces. A with 7 remote sensing devices.
What to do: 2-3 months of dizziness. determine the status of the landing failure. The will study Mars by remote sensing devices, analyze rocks, detect water or ice. mission orbit Mars, land, and also work a rover.
Hope Orbiter, UAE: how and where the water went on Mars
Specialty: UAE's first Mars mission. Launch from the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan. Height 6 feet and weighs about 1360 kg. Heatshield, a spread automatically after launch and be charged by sunlight. The antenna contact . , a high-resolution camera, infrared spectrometer, and device ultraviolet spectrometer.
What to do: keep revolving in orbit. The infrared spectrometer will study dust, ice, cloud, moisture. This dust affects the temperature of Mars. Will hydrogen, , and oxygen. Supposedly, there was water on Mars before. Hope will what happened water?
(Source: NASA, China National Space Administration, Mohammed bin Rashid Space Center, UAE)