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Friday, 31 July 2020

Perseverance Rover Launch, Recently UAE Launched Hop and China Launched Tianwen-1 Satellite

Third Mars Mission / Perseverance Rover launch in 11 days, UAE recently launched Hope and China Tianwen-1 satellites

Washington. The US 'Perseverance' spacecraft left for Mars on Thursday. 
this is often the third Mars mission within the world within the last 11 days. Earlier, on July 19, the UAE and on July 23, China sent their respective missions to Mars. the present three missions within the race to succeed in Mars are going with new and interesting objectives. this is often the primary attempt in history to fly a helicopter to Mars, from the invention of water to the creation of oxygen.

The US space agency NASA launched its Mars mission from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. The mission was launched at 7.50 am US time (5.20 pm Indian time). it'll land on Mars' Jejero Crater on February 18, 2021. The mission will last for one year (687 days on Earth) consistent with the time of Mars. a little helicopter is going to be flown to Mars for the primary time under this mission.

Perseverance, USA: Will create oxygen, take samples and also find water

Features: Perseverance has two devices - a 1000 kg rover and a 2 kg drone-like small helicopter, which can be in touch with the rover. the solar array, carbon blade which can give speed and antenna. The rover will use plutonium power, which can last about 10 years. It also features a 7-foot robotic arm, 19 cameras, and a drill machine that will take photos, videos, and samples of the surface of Mars.

What to do: the assembly of oxygen from CO2, the study of the weather, which Mars astronauts will face. the invention of water. The Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer will provide information on how the position of Mars can affect humans. Will study temperature, atmospheric pressure, radiation, dust.

Tianwen-1, China: the primary mission to orbit, land, and operate a rover

Specialty: Tianwen means the question to heaven. Weight 5000 kg. Orator, Lander, and Rover are the most ones. A parachute that will help the rover land easily. Camera, 4 solar panels. Parachute for soft landing, capsule, and retro-rocket for stopping and speeding on rocky-high-low surfaces. A cruise liner with 7 remote sensing devices.

What to do: 2-3 months of dizziness. this may determine the status of the landing and stop failure. The cruise liner will study Mars by remote sensing devices, analyze rocks, detect water or ice. the primary mission which will orbit Mars, land, and also work a rover.

Hope Orbiter, UAE: determine how and where the water went on Mars

Specialty: UAE's first Mars mission. Launch from the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan. Height 6 feet and weighs about 1360 kg. Heatshield, a solar array that will spread automatically after launch and still be charged by sunlight. The antenna which can contact the worldadditionally, a high-resolution camera, infrared spectrometer, and a 3rd device ultraviolet spectrometer.

What to do: it'll keep revolving in orbit. The infrared spectrometer will study dust, ice, cloud, moisture. This dust affects the temperature of Mars. Will look for hydrogen, carbon monoxide gas, and oxygen. Supposedly, there was water on Mars before. Hope will determine what happened thereto water?

(Source: NASA, China National Space Administration, Mohammed bin Rashid Space Center, UAE)

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