whtatsap

Thursday, 17 December 2020

maanav vikaas soochakaank: UNDP

 kyon samaachaar mein

sanyukt raashtr vikaas kaaryakram (yooenadeepee) dvaara jaaree maanav vikaas riport (echadeeaar) 2020 ke anusaar, maanav vikaas soochakaank (echadeeaee) 2019 ke lie bhaarat ko 2019 ke lie 189 deshon mein sthaan diya gaya hai.



2020 kee riport mein grahon ke dabaav-

samaayojit maanav vikaas soochakaank ko pesh kiya gaya hai, jo desh ke prati vyakti kaarban daioksaid utsarjan aur saamagree ke padachihn dvaara maanak maanav vikaas soochakaank (echadeeaee) ko samaayojit karata hai.

riport ke bhaag ko banaane vaale any soochakaank hain:

asamaanata-samaayojit maanav vikaas soochakaank (ihdi),

ling vikaas soochakaank (gdi),

ling asamaanata soochakaank (gii) aur

bahuaayaamee gareebee soochakaank (mpi).

pramukh bindu

maanav vikaas soochee:

ke baare mein: echadeeaee jor deta hai ki logon aur unakee kshamataon ko kisee desh ke vikaas ka aakalan karane ke lie antim maanadand hona chaahie, na ki keval aarthik vikaas.

maanav vikaas ke teen buniyaadee aayaamon par aadhaarit:

ek lamba aur svasth jeevan,

gyaan tak pahunch, aur

jeevan jeene ka ek sabhy maanak.


maanav vikaas ke teen buniyaadee aayaamon par aadhaarit:

ek lamba aur svasth jeevan,

gyaan tak pahunch, aur

jeevan jeene ka ek sabhy maanak.

2019 ke lie sheersh kalaakaar:

norve soochakaank mein sabase oopar hai, isake baad aayaralaind aur svitjaralaind hain. haangakaang aur aaisalaind sheersh paanch ko poora karate hain.

eshiyaee kshetr ka pradarshan:

singaapur 11 ven, saoodee arab 40 ven sthaan par tha aur maleshiya vaishvik soochakaank mein 62 ven sthaan par tha, jo "bahut uchch maanav vikaas" ke saath eshiyaee deshon ke beech sheersh braiket ka pratinidhitv karata tha.

shreelanka (72), thaeelaind (79), cheen (85) aur indoneshiya aur phileepeens (donon 107), aur viyatanaam (117), doosaron ke beech "uchch maanav vikaas" desh the.

bhaarat, bhootaan, baanglaadesh, myaammaar, nepaal, kambodiya, kenya aur paakistaan 120 se 156 raink ke saath "madhyam maanav vikaas" vaale deshon mein sthaan par the.

bhaarat ka pradarshan:

kul milaakar pradarshan: 2019 ke lie echadeeaee ka mooly 0.645 hai, jo desh ko madhyam maanav vikaas shrenee mein rakhata hai, jo 189 deshon aur kshetron mein se 131 par sthit hai.

1990 aur 2019 ke beech, bhaarat ka hdi mooly 0.429 se badhakar 0.645, 50.3% kee vrddhi huee.

lambe aur svasth jeevan: 2019 mein bhaarateey kee janm kee aayu 69.7 varsh thee, jo dakshin eshiyaee ausat 69.9 varsh kee tulana mein thodee kam thee.

1990 aur 2019 ke beech, janm ke samay bhaarat kee jeevan pratyaasha mein 11.8 varsh kee vrddhi huee.

gyaan tak pahunch: bhaarat mein skoolee shiksha ke apekshit varsh 12.2 varsh the, jabaki baanglaadesh mein 11.2 varsh aur paakistaan mein 8.3 varsh the.

1990 aur 2019 ke beech, skoolee shiksha ke saadhanon mein 3.5 varsh kee vrddhi huee, aur vidyaalayon kee apeksha mein 4.5 varshon kee vrddhi huee.

living staindard ka ek nirnaayak maanak: sakal raashtreey aay (jeeenaee) prati vyakti ke sandarbh mein, pichhale varsh kee tulana mein giraavat ke baavajood, 2019 mein bhaarat mein 6,681 daalar kuchh any kee tulana mein behatar rahe.

1990 aur 2019 ke beech bhaarat ka gni prati vyakti lagabhag 273.9% badh gaya.

grahon ke dabaav-samaayojit maanav vikaas soochakaank (phdi):

ke baare mein: phdi desh ke kaarban daioksaid utsarjan aur saamagree padachihn ke star ke aadhaar par maanak hdi ko samaayojit karata hai, pratyek prati vyakti ke aadhaar par.

deshon ka pradarshan:

norve, jo echadeeaee mein sabase oopar hai, 15 sthaan girata hai yadi is meetrik ka upayog kiya jaata hai, to aayaralaind taalika mein sheersh par hai.

sanyukt raajy amerika (echadeeaee raink -17) aur kanaada (echadeeaee raink -16) kramashah praakrtik sansaadhanon par unake pratikool prabhaav ko darshaate hue 45 aur 40 sthaanon par gir jaenge.

tel aur gais se samrddh khaadee raajyon mein bhee giraavat aaee. cheen 85 kee apanee maujooda rainking se 16 sthaanon ko gira dega.

bhaarat ka pradarshan:

bhaarat rainking mein aath sthaan oopar jaega.

peris samajhaute ke tahat, bhaarat ne apane sakal ghareloo utpaad kee utsarjan teevrata ko 2005 ke star se 2030 tak 33-35% kam karane aur gair-jeevaashm eendhan sroton se 4030 tak vidyut shakti kshamata praapt karane ka vaada kiya.

bhaarat mein saur kshamata maarch 2014 mein 2.6 geegaavaat se badhakar julaee 2019 mein 30 geegaavaat ho gaee thee, jo nirdhaarit samay se chaar saal pahale 20 geegaavaat ka lakshy praapt kar rahee thee.

2019 mein, bhaarat sthaapit saur kshamata ke lie paanchaven sthaan par tha.

raashtreey saur mishan ka uddeshy bijalee utpaadan ke lie saur oorja ko badhaava dena aur jeevaashm eendhan aadhaarit vikalpon ke saath saur oorja ko pratispardhee banaane ke lie any upayog hain.

any sanket

asamaanata-samaayojit maanav vikaas soochakaank:

ihdi asamaanata ke kaaran hdi mein pratishat haani ka sanket deta hai.

bhaarat ke lie, 2019 ke lie ihdi maan 0.537 (16.8% samagr nukasaan) hai.

ling vikaas soochakaank:

jeedeeaee ling dvaara echadeeaee par asamaanata ko maapata hai.

bhaarat ke lie, 2019 ke lie gdi maan 0.820 (vishv: 0.943) hai.

ling asamaanata soochakaank:

jeeaeeaee teen aayaamon ka upayog karake laingik asamaanata ka ek samagr maap prastut karata hai:

prajanan svaasthy,

sashaktikaran aur

shram baajaar.

jeeaeeaee mein, bhaarat 123 ven sthaan par hai. pichhale saal yah 162 deshon mein se 122 ven sthaan par tha.

bahuaayaamee gareebee soochakaank:

mpi un kaee abhaavon ko pakadata hai jo vikaasasheel deshon ke log apane svaasthy, shiksha aur jeevan star mein saamana karate hain.

bhaarat ke emapeeaee anumaan ke lie saarvajanik roop se upalabdh sabase haaliya sarvekshan deta 2015-2016 ka sandarbh deta hai. bhaarat mein, aabaadee ka 27.9% (3,77,492 hajaar log), bahutaayat se gareeb hain, jabaki 19.3% atirikt ko bahuaayaamee gareebee (2,60,596 hajaar log) ke tahat vargeekrt kiya gaya hai.

any khoj

badee chunautiyaan:

jabaki kovid -19 ke vinaashakaaree prabhaavon ne duniya ka dhyaan kheencha hai, any starit sankat, jalavaayu parivartan se badhatee asamaanataon tak, unake tol ko lena jaaree rakhate hain. grah aur saamaajik asantulan kee chunautiyaan aapas mein judee huee hain: ve ek dushchakr mein baatacheet karate hain, pratyek doosare ko badatar banaate hain.

bachchon se sambandhit chunautiyaan:

kambodiya, bhaarat aur thaeelaind mein svadeshee bachche kuposhan se sambandhit muddon jaise ki stanting aur barbaad karana dikhaate hain.

bhaarat mein, maata-pita ke vyavahaar mein vibhinn pratikriyaon ke saath-saath ladakiyon ke svaasthy aur shiksha mein kuchh vinivesh ke kaaran jalavaayu parivartan se jude jhatake kee sambhaavana ke parinaamasvaroop ladakon kee tulana mein ladakiyon mein uchch kuposhan hua hai.

2020 mein visthaapan:

2020 mein aapadaon ne sabase adhik nae visthaapan ko jaaree rakha. chakravaat amphaan ne baanglaadesh aur bhaarat ko maar daala, is varsh kee pahalee chhamaahee mein sabase badee ekal visthaapan ghatana huee, jisase 3.3 miliyan poorv-khaalee nikaasee ho gaee.

samaadhaan:

maanav vikaas ka vistaar - mahilaon aur ladakiyon kee adhik shiksha, mahilaon ka adhik aarthik sashakteekaran, gharon mein yuva ladakiyon kee adhik saudebaajee, gareebee mein kamee, aadi.

kolambiya se bhaarat ke saakshy ingit karate hain ki vitteey suraksha aur bhoomi ka svaamitv mahilaon kee suraksha mein sudhaar karata hai aur ling aadhaarit hinsa ke jokhim ko kam karata hai, yah spasht roop se sanket deta hai ki svaamitv vaalee bhoomi mahilaon ko sashakt bana sakatee hai.

No comments:

Post a comment

Telegram