whtatsap

Wednesday, 16 December 2020

PM-KUSUM : Janiye kya hai ye nayi yojna

 bajat 2018 ke kisaan phokas ne kisaan-unmukh saur oorja utpaadan ko 28,250 megaavaat tak kee ek kisaan-unmukh yojana ke roop mein prastut kiya hai, jise kisaan uja suraksha abhiyaan uttar mahaabhiyaan (kusum) yojana ke roop mein jaana jaata hai.


kusum yojana kisaanon ko unakee banjar bhoomi par sthaapit saur oorja pariyojanaon ke maadhyam se, grid ko atirikt bijalee bechane ka vikalp pradaan karake, atirikt aay pradaan karegee.


yadi ise achchhee tarah se laagoo kiya jaata hai, to bhaarat mein oorja suraksha aur graameen arthavyavastha ke lie pradhaan mantree-kusum yojana antim gem-parivartak ho sakatee hai.






peeem-kusum ka ghatak

peeem-kusum mein teen ghatak hote hain aur 2022 tak 30.8 geegaavot kee saur kshamata jodane ka lakshy hai:


ghatak-e: 10,000 megaavaat vikendreekrt bhoo-ghudasavaar grid se jude naveekaraneey bijalee sanyantr.

ghatak-bee: do miliyan staindalon saur oorja sanchaalit krshi pampon kee sthaapana.

ghatak-see: 1.5 miliyan grid se jude saur oorja sanchaalit krshi pampon ka solaraijeshan.

yojana ka laabh praapt karana

diskom kee madad karana: krshi ke lie bijalee kee atyadhik sabsidee hotee hai aur aksar ise tejee se bhoojal kee kamee aur diskom kee kharaab vitteey sthiti ka mukhy kaaran kaha jaata hai.

yah yojana krshi kshetr mein sabsidee ke bojh ko kam karake diskom ke vitteey svaasthy ka samarthan karegee.

raajyon kee madad karana: is yojana se vikendreekrt saur oorja utpaadan ko badhaava milega, aur traansamishan haaniyon ko kam kiya ja sakega.

raajy sarakaaron ke lie, yah sinchaee ke lie unakee sabsidee ke parivyay ko kam karane ka ek sambhaavit tareeka hai.

isake alaava, yah yojana raajyon ko rpo (akshay khareed daayitv) lakshyon ko poora karane mein madad karegee.

kisaanon kee madad karana: yadi kisaan adhishesh shaktiyon ko bechane mein saksham hain, to unhen bijalee bachaane ke lie protsaahit kiya jaega aur badale mein, isaka matalab bhoojal ka uchit aur kushal upayog hoga.

yah kisaanon ko saur jal pampon ke maadhyam se sunishchit jal sroton - oph-grid aur grid-kanekted donon ke maadhyam se jal suraksha pradaan kar sakata hai.

paryaavaran kee madad karana: is yojana ka ek aur ichchhit laabh vikendreekrt saur-aadhaarit sinchaee pradaan karake aur pradooshanakaaree deejal se door jaakar sinchaee kavar ke vistaar mein hoga.

yah chhaton aur bade paarkon ke beech madhyavartee seema mein saur oorja utpaadan mein shoony ko bhee bharana chaahie.

sambaddh chintaen

lojistik ishyoo: upakaran kee ghareloo upalabdhata ka maamala hai. jabaki pamp ghareloo aapoortikartaon ke lie koee chunautee nahin hai, saur pamp kee upalabdhata abhee bhee ek mudda hai.

isake alaava, sakht dchr (domestik kantent rikvaayaraments) kee vajah se solar ikvipament ke saplaayars ko domestik sel sorsing jutaanee padatee hai. haalaanki, paryaapt ghareloo sel nirmaan kshamata nahin hai.

laghu aur seemaant kisaanon ka pravesh: chhote aur seemaant kisaanon kee saapeksh chook rahee hai, kyonki yah yojana 3 echapee aur uchch kshamata vaale pampon par kendrit hai.

yah is kaaran se hai, saur pamp adhikaansh kisaanon tak nahin pahunch rahe hain, kyonki unamen se lagabhag 85% chhote aur seemaant hain.

isake alaava, kam paanee taalikaon kee vaastavikata, vishesh roop se uttar bhaarat aur dakshin bhaarat ke kuchh hisson mein, jo kisaan ke lie chhote aakaar ke pampon ko seemit karate hain.

paanee kee maatra ko hataana: bijalee kee sabsidee ke kaaran, bijalee kee aavartee laagat itanee kam hai ki kisaan paanee pamp karate rahate hain aur paanee kee mej neeche ja rahee hai.

solar instoleshan mein vaatar tebal girane kee sthiti mein uchch kshamata vaale pampon ko apagred karana ek adhik kathin kaam ho jaata hai kyonki aapako nae solar painal jodane honge jo mahange hain.

aage ka raasta

raajyon ko ek saath lao: kendr aur raajyon ke beech sahamati is vikendreekrt saur oorja yojana kee saphalata kee kunjee hai.

bhaarat kee shakti mein koee sudhaar tab tak nahin ho sakata jab tak ki kendr, raajyon aur hitadhaarakon ke beech aam sahamati na ho. tab tak, yah aadhe pake hue kek kee tarah hoga.

sastenebal phaarming: 

saur oorja par svich karane ke alaava, kisaanon ko drip irigeshan mod par bhee svich karana chaahie jo phasal utpaadan mein vrddhi ke saath paanee aur bijalee kee bachat karata hai.

aakarshak saur oorja mooly nirdhaaran: hitadhaarakon dvaara prabhaavee kaaryaanvayan aur gambheer bhaageedaaree ke lie, kaaryaanvayan kee uchch laagat aur vyaapak rakharakhaav ke kaaran chunautiyon ke maddenajar benchamaark keematon ke sandarbh mein yojana adhik aakarshak honee chaahie.

nishkarsh

kaee sarakaaree yojanaon kee tarah, peeem-kusum yojana nishchit roop se suvichaarit hai, lekin saur koshikaon ke lie bhaarat mein vinirmaan ya yahaan tak ​​ki bijalee sabsidee ko charanabaddh karane jaise neetigat hastakshep, ise apane vaade ko poora karane ke lie pair de sakate hain.

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